中国国家气象局天气预报信息接口

想在自己的android应用中获得当天的天气情况,这该怎么做呢?不用担心。中国国家气象局提供了获取所在城市天气预报信息接口。通过这个接口,我们就可以获取天气信息了。

 

中国国家气象局天气预报接口总共提供了三个:

 

http://www.weather.com.cn/data/sk/101010100.html

http://www.weather.com.cn/data/cityinfo/101010100.html

http://m.weather.com.cn/data/101010100.html

最详细的信息来自第三个接口。上面url中的101010100是城市代码,这里是北京的城市代码。只需要改变城市代码,就可以得到所在城市的天气信息。笔者在福州,所以选择的城市代码是福州101230101。

在浏览器上输入url:http://m.weather.com.cn/data/101230101.html得到信息,天气信息是json的数据格式,数据如下:

{“weatherinfo”:{“city”:”福州”,”city_en”:”fuzhou”,”date_y”:”2012年5月14日”,”date”:””,”week”:”星期一”,”fchh”:”08″,”cityid”:”101230101″,”temp1″:”29℃~23℃”,”temp2″:”26℃~20℃”,”temp3″:”24℃~20℃”,”temp4″:”25℃~20℃”,”temp5″:”24℃~21℃”,”temp6″:”25℃~22℃”,”tempF1″:”84.2℉~73.4℉”,”tempF2″:”78.8℉~68℉”,”tempF3″:”75.2℉~68℉”,”tempF4″:”77℉~68℉”,”tempF5″:”75.2℉~69.8℉”,”tempF6″:”77℉~71.6℉”,”weather1″:”阵雨转中雨”,”weather2″:”中雨转小雨”,”weather3″:”小雨”,”weather4″:”小雨”,”weather5″:”小雨转阵雨”,”weather6″:”阵雨转小雨”,”img1″:”3″,”img2″:”8″,”img3″:”8″,”img4″:”7″,”img5″:”7″,”img6″:”99″,”img7″:”7″,”img8″:”99″,”img9″:”7″,”img10″:”3″,

“img11″:”3″,”img12″:”7″,”img_single”:”3″,”img_title1″:”阵雨”,”img_title2″:”中雨”,”img_title3″:”中雨”,”img_title4″:”小雨”,”img_title5″:”小雨”,”img_title6″:”小雨”,”img_title7″:”小雨”,”img_title8″:”小雨”,”img_title9″:”小雨”,”img_title10″:”阵雨”,”img_title11″:”阵雨”,”img_title12″:”小雨”,”img_title_single”:”阵雨”,”wind1″:”微风”,”wind2″:”微风”,”wind3″:”微风”,”wind4″:”微风”,”wind5″:”微风”,”wind6″:”微风”,”fx1″:”微风”,”fx2″:”微风”,”fl1″:”小于3级”,”fl2″:”小于3级”,”fl3″:”小于3级”,”fl4″:”小于3级”,”fl5″:”小于3级”,”fl6″:”小于3级”,”index”:”热”,”index_d”:”天气较热,建议着短裙、短裤、短套装、T恤等夏季服装。年老体弱者宜着长袖衬衫和单裤。”,”index48″:”暖”,”index48_d”:”较凉爽,建议着长袖衬衫加单裤等春秋过渡装。年老体弱者宜着针织长袖衬衫、马甲和长裤。”,”index_uv”:”弱”,”index48_uv”:”最弱”,”index_xc”:”不宜”,”index_tr”:”适宜”,”index_co”:”较不舒适”,”st1″:”27″,”st2″:”21″,”st3″:”24″,”st4″:”18″,”st5″:”22″,”st6″:”18″,”index_cl”:”较不宜”,”index_ls”:”不太适宜”,”index_ag”:”不易发”}}

 

我们可以解析json数据去得到自己想用的天气信息。

 

天气信息解释:

 

{
 “weatherinfo”:{
  <!– 基本信息 –>
  “city”:”福州”,
  “city_en”:”fuzhou”,
  “date_y”:”2012年5月14日”,
  “date”:””,
  “week”:”星期一”,
  “fchh”:”08″,
  “cityid”:”101230101″,
  <!– 从今天开始到第六天的每天的天气情况,这里的温度是摄氏温度 –>
  “temp1″:”29℃~23℃”,”temp2″:”26℃~20℃”,”temp3″:”24℃~20℃”,”temp4″:”25℃~20℃”,”temp5″:”24℃~21℃”,”temp6″:”25℃~22℃”,
  <!– 从今天开始到第六天的每天的天气情况,这里的温度是华氏温度 –>
  “tempF1″:”84.2℉~73.4℉”,”tempF2″:”78.8℉~68℉”,”tempF3″:”75.2℉~68℉”,”tempF4″:”77℉~68℉”,”tempF5″:”75.2℉~69.8℉”,”tempF6″:”77℉~71.6℉”,
  <!– 天气描述 –>
  “weather1″:”阵雨转中雨”,”weather2″:”中雨转小雨”,”weather3″:”小雨”,”weather4″:”小雨”,”weather5″:”小雨转阵雨”,”weather6″:”阵雨转小雨”,
  <!– 天气描述图片序号 –>
  “img1″:”3″,”img2″:”8″,”img3″:”8″,”img4″:”7″,”img5″:”7″,”img6″:”99″,”img7″:”7″,”img8″:”99″,”img9″:”7″,”img10″:”3”,

“img11″:”3″,”img12″:”7″,”img_single”:”3″,
  <!– 图片名称 –>
  “img_title1″:”阵雨”,”img_title2″:”中雨”,”img_title3″:”中雨”,”img_title4″:”小雨”,”img_title5″:”小雨”,”img_title6″:”小雨”,”img_title7″:”小雨”,”img_title8″:”小雨”,”img_title9″:”小雨”,”img_title10″:”阵雨”,”img_title11″:”阵雨”,”img_title12″:”小雨”,”img_title_single”:”阵雨”,
  <!– 风速描述 –>
  “wind1″:”微风”,”wind2″:”微风”,”wind3″:”微风”,”wind4″:”微风”,”wind5″:”微风”,”wind6″:”微风”,”fx1″:”微风”,”fx2″:”微风”,
  <!– 风速级别描述 –>
  “fl1″:”小于3级”,”fl2″:”小于3级”,”fl3″:”小于3级”,”fl4″:”小于3级”,”fl5″:”小于3级”,”fl6″:”小于3级”,
  <!– 今天穿衣指数 –>
  “index”:”热”,
  “index_d”:”天气较热,建议着短裙、短裤、短套装、T恤等夏季服装。年老体弱者宜着长袖衬衫和单裤。”,
  <!– 48小时穿衣指数 –>
  “index48″:”暖”,”index48_d”:”较凉爽,建议着长袖衬衫加单裤等春秋过渡装。年老体弱者宜着针织长袖衬衫、马甲和长裤。”,
  <!– 紫外线及48小时紫外线 –>
  “index_uv”:”弱”,”index48_uv”:”最弱”,
  <!– 洗车 –>
  “index_xc”:”不宜”,
  <!– 旅游 –>
  “index_tr”:”适宜”,、
  <!– 舒适指数 –>
  “index_co”:”较不舒适”,
  “st1″:”27″,”st2″:”21″,”st3″:”24″,”st4″:”18″,”st5″:”22″,”st6″:”18”,
  <!– 晨练 –>
  “index_cl”:”较不宜”,
  <!– 晾晒 –>
  “index_ls”:”不太适宜”,
  <!– 过敏 –>
  “index_ag”:”不易发”
 }
}

 

附录中国城市代码:

直辖市
 “北京”,”上海”,”天津”,”重庆”
 “101010100”,”101020100″,”101030100″,”101040100″

特别行政区
 “香港”,”澳门”
 “101320101”,”101330101″

黑龙江
 “哈尔滨”,”齐齐哈尔”,”牡丹江”,”大庆”,”伊春”,”双鸭山”,”鹤岗”,”鸡西”,”佳木斯”,”七台河”,”黑河”,”绥化”,”大兴安岭”
 “101050101”,”101050201″,”101050301″,”101050901″,”101050801″,”101051301″,”101051201″,”101051101″,

“101050401”,”101051002″,”101050601″,”101050501″,”101050701″
 
吉林
 “长春”,”延吉”,”吉林”,”白山”,”白城”,”四平”,”松原”,”辽源”,”大安”,”通化”
 “101060101”,”101060301″,”101060201″,”101060901″,”101060601″,”101060401″,

“101060801”,”101060701″,”101060603″,”101060501″
 
辽宁
 “沈阳”,”大连”,”葫芦岛”,”盘锦”,”本溪”,”抚顺”,”铁岭”,”辽阳”,”营口”,”阜新”,”朝阳”,”锦州”,”丹东”,”鞍山”
 “101070101”,”101070201″,”101071401″,”101071301″,”101070501″,”101070401″,”101071101″,”101071001″,

“101070801”,”101070901″,”101071201″,”101070701″,”101070601″,”101070301″
 
内蒙古
 “呼和浩特”,”呼伦贝尔”,”锡林浩特”,”包头”,”赤峰”,”海拉尔”,”乌海”,”鄂尔多斯”,”通辽”
 “101080101”,”101081000″,”101080901″,”101080201″,”101080601″,”101081001″,”101080301″,”101080701″,”101080501″

河北
 “石家庄”,”唐山”,”张家口”,”廊坊”,”邢台”,”邯郸”,”沧州”,”衡水”,”承德”,”保定”,”秦皇岛”
 “101090101”,”101090501″,”101090301″,”101090601″,”101090901″,”101091001″,”101090701″

,”101090801″,”101090402″,”101090201″,”101091101″
 
河南
 “郑州”,”开封”,”洛阳”,”平顶山”,”焦作”,”鹤壁”,”新乡”,”安阳”,”濮阳”,”许昌”,”漯河”,”三门峡”,”南阳”,”商丘”,”信阳”,”周口”,”驻马店”
 “101180101”,”101180801″,”101180901″,”101180501″,”101181101″,”101181201″,”101180301″,”101180201″,

“101181301”,”101180401″,”101181501″,”101181701″,”101180701″,

“101181001”,”101180601″,”101181401″,”101181601″
 
山东
 “济南”,”青岛”,”淄博”,”威海”,”曲阜”,”临沂”,”烟台”,”枣庄”,”聊城”,”济宁”,”菏泽”,”泰安”,”日照”,”东营”,”德州”,”滨州”,”莱芜”,”潍坊”
 “101120101”,”101120201″,”101120301″,”101121301″,”101120710″,”101120901″,”101120501″,”101121401″

,”101121701″,”101120701″,”101121001″,”101120801″,”101121501″,”101121201″

,”101120401″,”101121101″,”101121601″,”101120601″
 
山西
 “太原”,”阳泉”,”晋城”,”晋中”,”临汾”,”运城”,”长治”,”朔州”,”忻州”,”大同”,”吕梁”
 “101100101”,”101100301″,”101100601″,”101100401″,”101100701″,”101100801″,”101100501″,”101100901″

,”101101001″,”101100201″,”101101101″
 
江苏
 “南京”,”苏州”,”昆山”,”南通”,”太仓”,”吴县”,”徐州”,”宜兴”,”镇江”,”淮安”,”常熟”,”盐城”,”泰州”,”无锡”,”连云港”,”扬州”,”常州”,”宿迁”
 “101190101”,”101190401″,”101190404″,”101190501″,”101190408″,”101190406″,”101190801″,”101190203″,

“101190301”,”101190901″,”101190402″,”101190701″,”101191201″,”101190201″

,”101191001″,”101190601″,”101191101″,”101191301″
 
安徽
 “合肥”,”巢湖”,”蚌埠”,”安庆”,”六安”,”滁州”,”马鞍山”,”阜阳”,”宣城”,”铜陵”,”淮北”,”芜湖”,”毫州”,”宿州”,”淮南”,”池州”
 “101220101”,”101221601″,”101220201″,”101220601″,”101221501″,”101221101″,”101220501″,”101220801″,

“101221401”,”101221301″,”101221201″,”101220301″

,”101220901″,”101220701″,”101220401″,”101221701″
 
陕西
 “西安”,”韩城”,”安康”,”汉中”,”宝鸡”,”咸阳”,”榆林”,”渭南”,”商洛”,”铜川”,”延安”
 “101110101”,”101110510″,”101110701″,”101110801″,”101110901″,”101110200″,”101110401″,

“101110501”,”101110601″,”101111001″,”101110300″
 
宁夏
 “银川”,”固原”,”中卫”,”石嘴山”,”吴忠”
 “101170101”,”101170401″,”101170501″,”101170201″,”101170301″
 
甘肃
 “兰州”,”白银”,”庆阳”,”酒泉”,”天水”,”武威”,”张掖”,”甘南”,”临夏”,”平凉”,”定西”,”金昌”
 “101160101”,”101161301″,”101160401″,”101160801″,”101160901″,”101160501″,”101160701″,”101050204″,

“101161101”,”101160301″,”101160201″,”101160601″
 
青海
 “西宁”,”海北”,”海西”,”黄南”,”果洛”,”玉树”,”海东”,”海南”
 “101150101”,”101150801″,”101150701″,”101150301″,”101150501″,”101150601″,”101150201″,”101150401″
 
湖北
 “武汉”,”宜昌”,”黄冈”,”恩施”,”荆州”,”神农架”,”十堰”,”咸宁”,”襄阳”,”孝感”,”随州”,”黄石”,”荆门”,”鄂州”
“101200101”,”101200901″,”101200501″,”101201001″,”101200801″,”101201201″,”101201101″,”101200701″,”101200201″

,”101200401″,”101201301″,”101200601″,”101201401″,”101200301″
 
湖南
 “长沙”,”邵阳”,”常德”,”郴州”,”吉首”,”株洲”,”娄底”,”湘潭”,”益阳”,”永州”,”岳阳”,”衡阳”,”怀化”,”韶山”,”张家界”
 “101250101”,”101250901″,”101250601″,”101250501″,”101251501″,”101250301″,”101250801″

,”101250201″,”101250701″,”101251401″,”101251001″,”101250401″

,”101251201″,”101250202″,”101251101″
 
浙江
 “杭州”,”湖州”,”金华”,”宁波”,”丽水”,”绍兴”,”衢州”,”嘉兴”,”台州”,”舟山”,”温州”
 “101210101”,”101210201″,”101210901″,”101210401″,”101210801″,

“101210501”,”101211001″,”101210301″,”101210601″,”101211101″,”101210701″
 
江西
 “南昌”,”萍乡”,”九江”,”上饶”,”抚州”,”吉安”,”鹰潭”,”宜春”,”新余”,”景德镇”,”赣州”
 “101240101”,”101240901″,”101240201″,”101240301″,”101240401″,”101240601″,”101241101″,

“101240501”,”101241001″,”101240801″,”101240701″
 
福建
 “福州”,”厦门”,”龙岩”,”南平”,”宁德”,”莆田”,”泉州”,”三明”,”漳州”
 “101230101”,”101230201″,”101230701″,”101230901″,”101230301″,

“101230401”,”101230501″,”101230801″,”101230601″
 
贵州
 “贵阳”,”安顺”,”赤水”,”遵义”,”铜仁”,”六盘水”,”毕节”,”凯里”,”都匀”
 “101260101”,”101260301″,”101260208″,”101260201″,”101260601″,”101260801″,”101260701″,

“101260501”,”101260401″
 
四川
 “成都”,”泸州”,”内江”,”凉山”,”阿坝”,”巴中”,”广元”,”乐山”,”绵阳”,”德阳”,”攀枝花”,

“雅安”,”宜宾”,”自贡”,”甘孜州”,”达州”,”资阳”,”广安”,”遂宁”,”眉山”,”南充”
 “101270101”,”101271001″,”101271201″,”101271601″,”101271901″,”101270901″,”101272101″,

“101271401”,”101270401″,”101272001″,”101270201″,”101271701″,”101271101″,”101270301″

,”101271801″,”101270601″,”101271301″,”101270801″,”101270701″,”101271501″,”101270501″
 
广东
 “广州”,”深圳”,”潮州”,”韶关”,”湛江”,”惠州”,”清远”,”东莞”,”江门”,”茂名”,”肇庆”,”汕尾”,

“河源”,”揭阳”,”梅州”,”中山”,”德庆”,”阳江”,”云浮”,”珠海”,”汕头”,”佛山”
 “101280101”,”101280601″,”101281501″,”101280201″,”101281001″,”101280301″,”101281301″,

“101281601”,”101281101″,”101282001″,”101280901″,”101282101″,”101281201″,”101281901″,

“101280401”,”101281701″,”101280905″,”101281801″,”101281401″,”101280701″,”101280501″,”101280800″
 
广西
 “南宁”,”桂林”,”阳朔”,”柳州”,”梧州”,”玉林”,”桂平”,”贺州”,”钦州”,”贵港”,”防城港”,”百色”,”北海”,”河池”,”来宾”,”崇左”
 “101300101”,”101300501″,”101300510″,”101300301″,”101300601″,”101300901″,”101300802″,

“101300701”,”101301101″,”101300801″,

“101301401”,”101301001″,”101301301″,”101301201″,”101300401″,”101300201″
 
云南
 “昆明”,”保山”,”楚雄”,”德宏”,”红河”,”临沧”,”怒江”,”曲靖”,”思茅”,”文山”,”玉溪”,”昭通”,”丽江”,”大理”
 “101290101”,”101290501″,”101290801″,”101291501″,”101290301″,”101291101″,

“101291201”,”101290401″,”101290901″,”101290601″,”101290701″,”101291001″,”101291401″,”101290201″
 
海南
 “海口”,”三亚”,”儋州”,”琼山”,”通什”,”文昌”
 “101310101”,”101310201″,”101310205″,”101310102″,”101310222″,”101310212″
 
新疆
 “乌鲁木齐”,”阿勒泰”,”阿克苏”,”昌吉”,”哈密”,”和田”,”喀什”,”克拉玛依”,”石河子”,”塔城”,”库尔勒”,”吐鲁番”,”伊宁”
 “101130101”,”101131401″,”101130801″,”101130401″,”101131201″,”101131301″,

“101130901”,”101130201″,”101130301″,”101131101″,”101130601″,”101130501″,”101131001″
 
西藏
 “拉萨”,”阿里”,”昌都”,”那曲”,”日喀则”,”山南”,”林芝”
 “101140101”,”101140701″,”101140501″,”101140601″,”101140201″,”101140301″,”101140401″
 
台湾
 “台北”,”高雄”
 “101340102”,”101340201″

 

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